Francus de LorraineAge: 771157 BCE–1080 BCE
- Francus de Lorraine
- Given names
- de Lorraine
- Also known as
- King of the Cimmerians
Francus was the eponymous ancestor and legendary hero of the Franks. He seems to have been an invention of Merovingian historians. Gregory of Tours, a 6th century Gallo-Roman historian wrote that nothing was known about the origin of the Franks except that they came from Pannonia. Gregory names some of the kings a few generations before his time but does not provide a connected genealogy. Francus is first named as an ancestor of the Franks by Fredegar (7th century), who also says he was a descendant of the Trojan king Priam but gives no details (Chronicon, II, 4-6, III, 2, 9).
In Les Grandes Chroniques (15th century) Francus was identified with Astyanax, son of the Trojan prince Hector (Chroniques de Saint-Denis, livre I, chap. I), but the chronology required a second, later Francus. In later iterations, this Francus became a son of the Trojan prince Cestrinus, who was identified with Genger, king of the Cimmerian Bosporus, and the later Francus became the son of Antharius, king of the Sicambrii. Grandes Chroniques
Selon les Grandes Chroniques de France, les Gaulois et les Franks étaient issues des fugitifs de Troie, les uns par Brutus, prétendu fils d’Ascanius, fils d’Énée, les autres par Francus ou Francion, fils d’Hector. Voici de quelle manière la narration commençait:
‘Quatre cent et quatre ans avant que Rome fût fondée, régnait Priam en Troie la grande. Il envoya Pâris, l’aîné de des fils, en Grèce pour ravir la reine Hélène, la femme au roi Ménélas, pour se venger d’une honte que les Grecs lui avaient faite. Le Gréjois, qui moult furent courroucés de cette chose, s’émurent pour aller et vinrent assiéger Troie. À ce siege, qui dix ans dura, furent occis tous les fils du roi Priam, lui et la reine Hécube, sa femme; la cité fut arse et détruite, le people et les barons occis. Mais aucuns échappèrent et plusieurs des princes de le cité s’espandirent ès diverses parties du monde pour quérir nouvelles habitations, comme Hélénus, Élyas et Anthenor, et maints autres…. Énéas, qui était un des plus grands princes du Troie, se mit en mer avec trois mille et quatre cents Troyens …. Turcus et Francion, qui étaient cousins germains (car Francion était fils d’Hector, et ce Turcus fils de Troylus, qui étaient frère et fils du roi Priam), se départirent de leur contrée, et allèrent habiter tout auprés une terre qui est appelée Thrace… Quand ensemble eurent habité un grand temps, Turcus se départit de Francion, son cousin, lui et une partie du people qu’il emmena avec lui; en une contrée s’en alla, qui est nommée la petite Scythie…. Francus demeura, après que son cousin se fut de lui départi, et fonda une cité qu’il appela Sicambrie, et long-temps ses gens furent appelés Sicambriens pour le nom de cette cité. Ils étaient tributaires aux Romains, comme les autres nations; mille cinq cent sept ans demeurèrent en cette cite, depuis qu’ils l’eurent fondée. Chronique de Saint-Denis, livre I, chap. I; apud script. Rerum francie., t. III, p. 155. Sources
Born: cir 1200 BC, Scythia, (Now Ukraine). Died: cir 1130 BC, Troy.
Francus de Cimmerians, King of the Cimmerians MP Frans: Francus de Lorraine, King of the Cimmerians Geslacht: Man Geboren: circa -1220 Scythia (now near Ryzanovka), Ukraine Overleden: circa -1030 (182-198) Troy, Greece Naaste familie:
Biologische zoon van Unknown Father of Francio en Unknown Mother of Francio Pleeg zoon van Genger Echtgenoot van Wife of Francus Vader van Esdron de Lorraine, King of Troy en Sobil of Troy
Pannonia was an ancient province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. Pannonia was located over the territory of the present-day western Hungary, eastern Austria, northern Croatia, north-western Serbia, northern Slovenia, western Slovakia and northern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Julius Pokorny derived the name Pannonia from Illyrian, from the Proto-Indo-European root *pen-, "swamp, water, wet" (cf. English fen, "marsh"; Hindi pani, "water")
The first inhabitants of this area known to history were the Pannonii (Pannonians), a group of Indo-European tribes akin to Illyrians. From the 4th century BC, it was invaded by various Celtic tribes. Little is heard of Pannonia until 35 BC, when its inhabitants, allies of the Dalmatians, were attacked by Augustus, who conquered and occupied Siscia (Sisak). The country was not, however, definitively subdued by the Romans until 9 BC, when it was incorporated into Illyricum, the frontier of which was thus extended as far as the Danube.
Many invented and fictional people have been inserted into genealogical collections, generally as part of an attempt to fill in the blanks, but also to connect cultures and justify claims to an ancient history.
Profiles for invented and fictional people often become battleground among genealogists.
Frankish Fiction is a sub-project of Fictional Genealogy. This project collects and identifies people for whom no historical evidence exists. Use this project for people who are the inventions of medieval Frankish chroniclers.
The Cimmerians (also Kimmerians, Greek Κιμμέριοι Kimmerioi) are an ancient people, first mentioned in the late 8th century BC in Assyrian records.
Likely originating in the Pontic steppe and invading by means of the Caucasus, they probably assaulted Urartu in c. 714 BC. They were defeated by Assyrian forces under Sargon II in 705 and turned towards Anatolia, conquering Phrygia in 696/5. They reached the height of their power in 652 after taking Sardis, the capital of Lydia. Soon after 619, Alyattes of Lydia defeated them. There are no further mentions of them in historical sources, but it is likely that they settled in Cappadocia.
The origin of the Cimmerians is unclear. They are mostly supposed to have been related to either Iranian or Thracian speaking groups which migrated under pressure of the Scythian expansion of the 9th to 8th century BC.
According to Herodotus, the Cimmerians inhabited the region north of the Caucasus and the Black Sea during the 8th and 7th centuries BC (i.e. what is now Ukraine and Southern Russia), although it isn't possible to identify the Cimmerians as the bearers of any specific archaeological culture in the region.
In sources beginning with the Royal Frankish Annals, the Merovingian kings of the Franks traditionally traced their lineage through a pre-Frankish tribe called the Sicambri (or Sugambri), mythologized as a group of "Cimmerians" from the mouth of the Danube river, but who instead came from Gelderland in modern Netherlands and are named for the Sieg river.
Early modern historians asserted Cimmerian descent for the Celts or the Germans, arguing from the similarity of Cimmerii to Cimbri or Cymry. The etymology of Cymro "Welshman" (plural: Cymry), connected to the Cimmerians by 17th-century Celticists, is now accepted by Celtic linguists as being derived from a Brythonic word *kom-brogos, meaning "compatriots". The Cambridge Ancient History classifies the Maeotians as either a people of Cimmerian ancestry or as Caucasian aboriginals under Iranian overlordship.
The Biblical name "Gomer" has been linked in some sources to the Cimmerians.
According to Georgian national historiograpy, the Cimmerians, in Georgian known as Gimirri, played an influential role in the development of the Colchian and Iberian cultures. The modern Georgian word for "hero", გმირი gmiri, is said to derive from their name.
It has been speculated[by whom?] that the Cimmerians finally settled in Cappadocia, known in Armenian as Գամիրք, Gamir-kʿ (the same name as the original Cimmerian homeland in Mannae).
The recorded history of the Crimean Peninsula, historically known as Tauris or Tauric Chersonese (Χερσόνησος Ταυρική "Tauric Peninsula"), begins around the 5th century BC when several Greek colonies were established along its coast. The southern coast remained Greek in culture for almost two thousand years as part of the Roman Empire (47 BC – 330 AD), and its successor states, the Byzantine Empire (330 AD – 1204 AD), the Empire of Trebizond (1204 AD – 1461 AD), and the independent Principality of Theodoro (ended 1475 AD). In the 13th century, some port cities were controlled by the Venetians and by the Genovese. The Crimean interior was much less stable, enduring a long series of conquests and invasions; by the early medieval period it had been settled by Scythians (Scytho-Cimmerians), Tauri, Greeks, Romans, Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Kipchaks and Khazars. In the medieval period, it was acquired partly by Kievan Rus', but fell to the Mongol invasions as part of the Golden Horde. They were followed by the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire, which conquered the coastal areas as well, in the 15th to 18th centuries.
The modern history of Crimea begins with the annexation by the Russian Empire in 1783. In 1921 the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was created. This republic was dissolved in 1945, and the Crimea became an oblast first of the Russian SSR (1945–1954) and then the Ukrainian SSR (1954–1991). Since 1991 the territory was covered by the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol City within independent Ukraine. During the 2014 Crimean crisis, the peninsula was taken over by pro-Russian forces and a referendum on whether to join Russia was held. Shortly after the result in favour of joining Russia was announced, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Federation as two federal subjects: the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol.
The history of Anatolia (Asia Minor) can be roughly subdivided into prehistory, Ancient Near East (Bronze Age and Early Iron Age), Classical Anatolia, Hellenistic Anatolia, Byzantine Anatolia, the age of the Crusades followed by the gradual Seljuk/Ottoman conquest in the 13th to 14th centuries, Ottoman Anatolia (14th to 19th centuries) and the modern history of the Republic of Turkey.
LATE BRONZE AGE
The Hittite Empire was at its height in the 14th century BCE, encompassing central Anatolia, north-western Syria as far as Ugarit, and upper Mesopotamia. Kizzuwatna in southern Anatolia controlled the region separating Hatti from Syria, thereby greatly affecting trade routes. The peace was kept in accordance with both empires through treaties that established boundaries of control. It was not until the reign of the Hittite king Suppiluliumas that Kizzuwatna was taken over fully, although the Hittites still preserved their cultural accomplishments in Kummanni (now Şar, Turkey) and Lazawantiya, north of Cilicia.
After the 1180s BCE, amid general turmoil in the Levant associated with the sudden arrival of the Sea Peoples, the empire disintegrated into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some of which survived until as late as the 8th century BCE. The history of the Hittite civilization is known mostly from cuneiform texts found in the area of their empire, and from diplomatic and commercial correspondence found in various archives in Egypt and the Middle East.
Darda (Dardanus), King of Dardania Tros, King of Troy Illus, King of Troy Laomedon, King of Troy 1260 Priam (Podarces), King of Troy d. 1183 BC, Troy Helenus, King of Epirus Zenter (Genger), King of Troy d. after 1149 BC Franco(Francus), King of Troy Esdron, King of Troy Zelius (Gelio), King of Troy Basavelian I (Basabiliano), King of Troy Plaserius I (Plaserio), King of Troy Plesron I, King of Troy Eliacor, King of Troy Zaberian (Gaberiano), King of Troy Plaserius II (Plaserio), King of Troy Antenor I, King of Troy Priam II (Trianus), King of Troy Helenus II, King of Troy Plesron II, King of Troy Basabelian II (Basabiliano), King of Troy Alexandre, King of Troy d. 677 BC Priam III, King of Cimmerians Gentilanor (Getmalor), King of Cimmerians Almadius (Almadion), King of Cimmerians Dilulius I (Diluglio), King of Cimmerians Helenus III, King of Cimmerians Plaserius III (Plaserio), King of Cimmerians Dilulius II (Diluglio), King of Cimmerians Marcomir, King of Cimmerians Priam IV, King of Cimmerians Helenus IV, King of Cimmerians Antenor I, King of Cimmerians Scythia on Black Sea d. 443 BC Marcomir of Sicambri d. 412 B.C. Antenor II, King of Sicambri 384 B.C. Prenus (Priam) (King of Sicambri) 58 BC Helenus I d. 339 BC Diocles (Diodes), King of Sicambri d. 294-300 BC Bassanus Magnus, King of Sicambri d. 250 BC Clodomir I, King of Sicambri d. 232 B.C. Nicanor, King of Sicambri 198 B.C. Marcomir (Mareomer) II, King of Sicambri 170 B.C. Clodius, King of Sicambri d. 159 B.C. Antenor III, King of Sicambri d. 143 B.C. Clodomir II, King of Sicambri d. 123 B.C. Merodacus, King of Sicambri d. 95 B.C.Cassander (Cassanda), King of Sicambri d. 74 B.C. Antharius, King of Sicambri d. 39 BC Francus d. c 10 BC Clodius (Clodie) II, King of the West Franks b: 0006 Marcomir III, King of the West Franks b: bef 0020 Clodemir III, King of the West Franks b: bef 0050 Antenor IV, King of the West Franks b: bef 0063 Ratherius, King of the Franks b: bef 0069 Richemer, King of the Franks b: bef 0090 Odomir, King of the Franks b: bef 00114 Marcomir IV, King of the Franks b: bef 0128 and Althildis, Princess of Britain b: bef 0125 Clodmir IV, King of the Franks b: abt 0104 and Hafilda, Princess of the Rugij b: abt 0106 Farabert, King of the Franks b: abt 0122 Sunno (Huano), King of the Franks b: abt 0137 Hilderic, King of the Franks b: bef 0212 Bartherus, King of the Franks b: abt 0238 Clodius, King of the Franks b: bef 0264 Walter, King of the Franks b: bef 0289 Dagobert, Duke of the East Franks b: abt 0230 Germany Genebald, Duke of the East Franks b: abt 0262 Dagobert, Duke of the East Franks b: abt 0300 Clodius, Duke of the East Franks b: abt 0324